Most wealth is not in coins. It is measured in livestock, grain, land, rights to collect taxes, or rights to resources (such as a mine or a forest).

Guilds, nobles, and royalty regulate trade. Chartered companies are granted rights to conduct trade along certain routes, to send merchant ships to various ports, or to buy or sell specific goods. Guilds set prices for the goods or services that they control, and determine who may or may not offer those goods and services. Merchants commonly exchange trade goods without using currency. The Trade Goods table shows the value of commonly exchanged goods.

Trade Goods
1 cp1 lb. of wheat
2 cp1 lb. of flour or one chicken
5 cp1 lb. of salt
1 sp1 lb. of iron or 1 sq. yd. of canvas
5 sp1 lb. of copper or 1 sq. yd. of cotton cloth
1 gp1 lb. of ginger or one goat
2 gp1 lb. of cinnamon or pepper, or one sheep
3 gp1 lb. of cloves or one pig
5 gp1 lb. of silver or 1 sq. yd. of linen
10 gp1 sq. yd. of silk or one cow
15 gp1 lb. of saffron or one ox
50 gp1 lb. of gold
500 gp1 lb. of platinum